Hexadecimal Numbers

Power System III
Credit: 4


1. Objectives of Power System Operation

Power Systems in Restructured Environment; Distributed and Dispersed Generation; Environment Aspects of Electric
Power Generation.
2. Economic Operation of Energy Generation Systems

Generation Cost Curves; Economic Operation of Thermal System; Plant Scheduling; Transmission Loss and Penalty
Factor; Hydro-Thermal Scheduling; Concept of Reserves and Constraints; Unit Commitment.
3. Automatic Generation Control

Concept of AVR and ALFC Loops, Significance of Double Loop in ALFC; Exciter and VAR Control; Single Area
Load Frequency Control; Two Area Load Frequency Control; Frequency Response.
4. Compensation in Power System

Reactive Power Sensitivity and Voltage Control; Load Compensation with Capacitor Banks; Line Compensation with
Reactors; Shunt and Series Compensation; Fixed Series Capacitors; Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitors;
Introduction to SVC and STATCOM.
5. Power System Transients

Types of System Transients; Overvoltage in Transmission Lines; Propagation of Surges and Travelling Waves;
Protection Against Lightning and Surges;

Text Books
1. Power System Engineering, Kothari & Nagrath, Mc Graw Hill
2. Power System Analysis, Granger and Stevension, Mc Graw Hill
3. Electric Power Genration operation and control, Wood and Woolenberg, Willey.
Reference Books:
1. Power system stability and Control, P. Kundur , Mc Graw Hill
2. Modern power system analysis, Kothari & Nagrath, Mc.Graw Hill
3. Power system Analysis, Nagsarkar & Sukhija, Pearson
4. Power system analysis, operation and control, Chakrabarti and Halder, PHI
5. Book of Elgand.