Architecture: A multi-disciplinary engineering course, it is ideal for those who have a creative bent of mind and want to pursue a lucrative profession. Architecture is an evergreen career. As long as buildings are built civil engineering and architecture will be in demand. Architects are typically expected to design buildings and also have an insight into civil engineering and town planning and regulations.
It is a specialized field. Landscape architecture is the design of outdoor and public spaces. A landscape architect needs to be proficient in urban planning and design, site planning, environmental restoration, parks and recreation planning, visual resource management, and green infrastructure planning and provision. Landscape architecture’s objective is to achieve urban living which is environmentally safe, aesthetically beautiful and helps in stress-free living.
Mega projects such as highways, mass transit systems, airports, ports and largescale land redevelopment projects would require the services of expert landscape architects.
Architecture can be pursued at graduation levels: Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arcfi) and then follow it up with a Masters (M.Arch).
B.Arch: 10+2 (senior secondary, Class XII) or equivalent referred to as the qualifying examination from a recognized Board/University with a minimum of 50 per cent marks in science subjects (physics, chemistry and mathematics). Besides this, the candidate must qualify an entrance examination. The duration of the course is five years.
M.Arch: B.Arc and the duration will be three semesters.
At the masters level, specialisation is offered in landscape architecture, architecturral conservation, urban design, building engineering & management, environment planning, housing, transport planning, regional planning, town and country planning, indstrial design etc.
Admission to B. Arch in various colleges is through entrance
List Of Master Of Architecture Courses
The following list gives an idea of various specializations possible at the post-graduate level.
- Master Of Architecture
- Master Of Architecture (Architectural Conservation)
- Master Of Architecture (Urban Design)
- Master Of Architecture (Interior Architecture)
- Master Of Architecture (Landscape Archi-tecture)
- Master Of Architecture (Housing)
- Master Of Architecture (Urban And Regional Planning)
- Master Of Architecture (Transportation Planning And Design)
- Master Of Architecture (Sustainable Humane Habitat)
- Master Of Architecture (Sustainable Archi-tecture)
- Master Of Architecture (Environmental Architecture)
- Master Of Architecture (Computer Appli-cations)
- Master Of Architecture (Valuation And Arbitration)
- Master Of Architecture (Building Automation)
- Master Of Architecture (Rural Architecture)
- Master Of Architecture (Regional Archi-tecture)
- Master Of Architecture (International Architecture)
- Master Of Architecture (Architecture And Construction Project Management)
- Master Of Architecture (Digital Architecture)
- Master Of Architecture (Computer Aided Architectural Design)
Source: Council of Architecture’s Minimum Standards Of Architectural Education; Guidelines For Post-Graduate Programme examinations held at state and national levels.
Govt & Private Colleges: The CBSE conducts the national examination - All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE) -for entry into B. Arch and B. Planning in government and private institutes.
IITs: Entrance to architecture programmes at the Indian Institutes of Technology (NT’s) is through the national level Joint Entrance Exami-nation (JEE).
States Colleges: Different states also hold separate entrance exams for admission to architecture and engineering colleges in the state. Some private institutes conduct entrance exams of their own also.
Generally the entrance paper consists of mathematics and a drawing test. The drawing exam is conducted by the National Institute of Advanced Studies and Architecture in association with the Council of Architecture (COA).
Computer-aided Design in Architecture
Computers have entered the offices of architects. Familiarity with CAD is now a must for architects. Although it has not been included formally in the syllabus of many universities, the present generation of architects cannot afford to ignore CAD. Many private institutes offer training in programmes such as AutoCAD and 3D Max.
The Council of Architecture
The Council of Architecture (COA), a Government organization, regulates the education and practice of profession in India besides maintaining the register of architects. To practice as an ‘Architect’ one must have registered himself with the COA. For registration, a candidate must possess the requisite qualification as per the Architects Act,. He or she must have undergone the education in accordance with the Council of Architecture (Minimum Standards of Architectural Education) Regulations, 1983.
The registration also entitles a person to use the title and style of Architect. The title and style of architect can also be used by a firm of architects, of which all partners are registered with COA. Limited Companies, Private/Public Companies, societies and other juridical persons are not entitled to use the title and style of architect nor are they entitled to practice the profession of architecture.
There are 135 institutions which impart architectural education in India leading to recognized qualifications. The standards of education being imparted in these institutions (constituent colleges/departments of universities, deemed universities, affiliated colleges/schools, IITs, NITs and autonomous institutions) is governed by Council of Architecture (Minimum Standards of Architectural Education) Regulations, 1983, which set forth the requirement of eligibility for admission, course duration, standards of staff & accommodation, course content, examination etc.
list of Colleges
►Academy of Architecture, 278, Shanker Ghanekar Marg, Prabhadevi, Bombay
►Adhiyamann College of Engineering, Dr. MGR Nagar, Hosur
►Arulmigu Meenakshi Amman College of Engineering,
►Vadamavandal, Cheyyar Taluk, T. S. District
►Bangalore Institute of Technology, KR Road, Visveswarapuram, Bangalore
►Bengal Engineering College, PO Botanical Gardens,Howrah
►Bharat Institute of Science & Technology, 173 Agaram Road, Selaiyur, Tambaram, Madras
►Bharati Vidyapeeth’s College of Architecture, Katraj,Dhankavadi, Pune
►Bharati Vidyapeeth’s College of Architecture, Sector-8, CBD Opp. Konkan Bhawan, New Bombay
►Bihar Institute of Technology, Patna University, Patna-5, Bihar
►Birla Institute of Technology, PO. Mesra, Bihar
►BKPS College of Architecture, 2043, Sadashiv Petti, Tilak Road, Pune
►BLDE Association’s College of Engineering & Technology, Bijapur
►BMC’s Lalit Kala Kendra, Pro-College of Architecture, Stawat Street, Chopda, Distt. Jalgaon
►BMS College of Engineering, Post Box No. 1908, Bangalore
►Boarding House’s College of Architecture, 1061 p A, Shivaji Peth, Kolhapur
►BV Bhoomraddi College of Engineering & Technology, Hubli
►Calicut Regional Engineering College, Calicut
►Chandigarh College of Architecture, Chandigarh
►Chandigarh College of Architecture, Sector-12, Chandigarh
►College of Engineering & Technology, Bhathinda-1, Punjab i College of ►Engineering and Technology, Bhathinda-1 Punjab College of Engineering,
►Andhra University, Visakhapatnam
►College of Engineering, Engineering College PO, Trivandrum
►College of Engineering, Farmagudi, Goa
►College of Fine Arts and Architecture, Mahavir Marg, Hyderabad
►CRCollegeof Engineering, Murthal. Dist. Sonepat, Haryana
►Dayanand Sagar College of Engineering, Shavige Maleswara Hills, Kankapura Road, Southend of Jayanagar, Bangalore
►DC Patel School of Architecture, Vallab Vidyanagar, Gujarat
►Dr. Bhanuben Nanavati College of Architecture for Women, Karve Nagar, Pune
►Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Architecture, C/0. Dnyan
►Pushpa Vidyaniketan, Sector IV, CBD New Bombay
►Dr. MGR Engineering College, Poonamalle High Road, Maduravoyal, Madras
►DY Patil College of Engineering & Technology, Kasaba Bhavada, Kolhapur
►Faculty of Technology & Engineering, MS University of Baroda, Post Box No. 51, Kala Bhawan, Baroda - 1, Gujarat
►Goa College of Architecture, Home Science College Building, Near Fire Station, Campal, Panaji, Goa
►Govt. College of Architecture, Tagore Marg, Lucknow
►Govt. Engineering College, Raipur
►GS Mandal’s Marathawada Institute of Technology, P Box No. 327, Aurangabad
►Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College, Bidar iviailar Road, Bidar
►Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar
►Guru Ramdas School of Planning, GNDU, Amritsar
►Hindustan College of Engineering, PO Box No. 01, Old Mahabalipuram Road, Padur (Via) Kelambakkam Chinglepet District
►HKE Society, Poojaya Doddappa Appa College of Engineering, Gulbarga
►Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, WB
►Institute of Environmental Planning & Technology, 302 Appollo Tower, MG Road, Indore
►IPS Academy School of Architecture, C/o. Indore
►Education & Services Society, Sita Building , 4, Yeswant Niwas Road, Indore
►Jadavpur University, Jadavpur, Calcutta - 32, West Bengal
►Jagadguru Malikarjuna Murugharajendra Institute of Technology, Chitradurga, Karnataka
►Jamia Millia Islamia, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi
►Jawaharlal Nehru Engineering College, N-6, CIDCO, Aurangabad
►Kamla Raheja Vidyanidhi Institute for Architecture and Environmental Studies, Vidyanidhi MargJuhu. Scheme, Bombay
►Kavikulguru Institute of Technology & Service, Ramtek-6
►Lady Amritbal Daga College for Women, Shankar Nagar, Nagpur
►LBHSS Trust’s College of Architecture, 341, Kherwadi Marg Bandra (East) Bombay
►LS Raheja School of Architecture, 341, Kherwadi Marg Bandra (East) Bombay
►Madhav Institute of Technology, Gwalior
►Maland College of Engineering, PB No. 212, Hassan
►Malik Sandal Institute of Art & Architecture, 12, Nawbag, Bijapur-, Karnataka
►Malviya Regional Engineering College, Jaipur - 17,Rajasthan
►Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal
►Manoharbhal Patel Institute of Engineering & Technology, Gondia
►Marathawada Mitra Mandal’s College of Architecture, 302-A, Deccan Gymkhana, Pune
►Maulana Azad College of Technology (REC), Bhopal
►Maulana Azad College of Technology, Bhopal
►Mohamed Sathak Engineering College, Kilakarai
►MS Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Vidya Soudha, Gokula Extension Post, Bangalore
►NDMVP Samaj’s College of Architecture, Shivaji Nagar, Gangapur Road, Nashik
►NTV’s College of Architecture, Nandurbar Dist. Dhule
►Paravara Rural Education Society, Paravaranagar At & PO Loni, Tal. Shrirampur Dist. Ahmednagar
►PDA College of Engineering, Gulbarga
►Periyar Maniammai College of Technology for Women, Periyar Nagar, Vallam, Thanjavur
►Pillais College of Architecture, Sector-8, New Panvel (W), Near Jenson & Nicholson, Bombay-Pune Road, Distt. Raigad, New Bombay
►Piloomody College of Architecture, Badambadi, Cuttack
►Priyadarshini College of Engineering Electronic Zone, MIDC, Hingna Road, Nagpur
►Rachna Sansads Academy of Architecture, 278, Shankar Ghanekar Marg, Prabhadevi, Mumbai
►Regional Engineering College, Tiruchirapalli
►Rizvi College of Architecture, Rizvi Complex, Off Carter Road, Bandra (W), Bombay
►RV College of Engineering, RV Vidyaniketan PO,Bangalore
►Sarvajanik College of Engineering & Technology(South Gujarat University), Dr. R. K. Desai Marg, Athwa Lines, Surat-1
►Sathyabama Engineering College, Jeppiaar Nagar, Old Mammallapuram Road, Madras
►School of Architecture and Planning, Sardar Patel Road, Chennai
►School of Architecture Centre for Environment Planning & Technology (CEPT), KL Campus, University Road, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad
►School of Planning & Architecture, 4, Block-B, IP E, New Delhi -2,
►Delhi School of Planning & Architecture, Jawaharlal Nehru
►Technological University, Mahavir Marg, Hyderabad
►Shri Siddheshwar Shikshan, Mandal’s College of Architecture, Siddeshwar Temple Complex, Siddeshwar Peth, Solarpur
►Shri V. B. Patil Trust’s College of Architecture, Near Sangli-Dhamni Road, Sangli
►Siddagana Institute of Technology, Tumkur
►Sir JJ College of Architecture, 78/3, Dr. D. N. Road, Fort, Bombay
►SRM Engineering College, SRM Nagar, Karttankulathur, Chennai - Anna District
►SSE Society’s College of Engineering & Technology, Near Shivaji Park, Akola
►Sthapatya Kala Bhawan Society, 34/3, Newpalasia, Indore
►Sushant School of Art & Architecture, Sushant Lok ,Gurgaon, Haryana
►Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai 625 015
►TKM College of Engineering, Kollam, Kerala
►TVB School of Habitat Studies, Sector D, Pocket 2, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi
►University of Roorkee , Uttat Pradesh
►Janana zbharati Campus, Bangalore
►Vastu Kala Academy, School of Architecture & Interior Designing, 9/1, Institutional Area, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi
►Visveshwaraya Regional College of Engineering, Nagpur
►Vivekanand Institute of Technology, 2006, Sadashiv Peth, Pune
►Zakir Hussain College of Engineering & Technology,
►Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
With rapid urbanization, there is a huge demand for skilled architects. A large number of construction firms, consultancies, municipal bodies, town planning agencies, landscaping consultancies, corporation offices, government departments are looking for talent. Another area where jobs are possible is renovation of old historical monuments. Architects with entrepreneurial drive will look for self employment.