☼ Sects of Buddhism. (1) Hinayana , (2) Mahayana (3) Vajrayana .
(1) Hinayana (i.e. the Lesser Vehicle):
(i) Its followers believed in the original teaching of Buddha.
(ii) They sought individual salvation through self-discipline and meditation,
(iii) They did not believe in idol-worship.
(iv) They favoured Pali language,
(v) It is known as ‘Southern Buddhist Religion’, because it prevailed in the South of India, e.g. Sri Lanka, Burma (Myanmar), Syam (Thailand), Java etc.