Process Heat Transfer
Paper Code: CHE 502
Heat Transfer by Conduction:
Classification of different Modes; Concept of heat diffusion (conduction), Fourier’s Law; Thermal Conductivity – constant and variable; Thermal Diffusivity; Steady State Conduction – Rectangular (Cartesian), Cylindrical and Spherical coordinates; Compound Resistance in Series; Critical thickness of insulation, One dimensional unsteady state heat
conduction, Lumped system analysis, Slab – use of transient temperature chart.
Heat Transfer by Convection:
Concept of convection, General Heat Transfer Equation (Convection-Diffusion), Flow over a body – Hydrodynamic boundary layer, Drag coefficient, Drag force, Thermal boundary layer, Heat Transfer coefficient. Flow inside duct – Thermal boundary layer, Heat Transfer coefficient.
Heat Transfer in Turbulent Region: Dittus-Boelter Equation; Correction for temperature variation over pipe cross section; Physical Interpretation of different Dimensionless groups; Reynolds analogy, Colburn Analogy; Wilson Equation; Natural Convection; Correction of Laminar flow equation for Natural Convection.
Heat Transfer of Fluids with Phase Change:
Introduction; Dropwise and Film-Type Condensation; Coefficients for Film-Type Condensation: Nusselt Equation for Vertical and Horizontal Tubes; Condensation of Superheated Vapors; Heat Transfer to Boiling Liquids: Pool boiling of Saturated Liquid; Film Boiling.
Radiation Heat transfer:
Introduction; Monochromatic emissive power; Weins displacement law; Plank’s law of radiation; Kirchoff,s Law; Emissivity of Solids; Absorption of Radiation; Lambert-Beer’s law; Absorption by gases. Radiation between surfaces, Concept of View Factor.
Heat Exchange Equipments:
Typical Heat Exchange Equipment; Parallel Flow, Countercurrent Flow, and Cross Flow; General Design of Heat- Exchange Equipment; Different types of Heat Exchanger: Double Pipe Heat; Shell and Tube (1-1, 1-2, 2-4); Introduction to Plate Type; Condensers: Shell and Tube;
Introduction; Liquid Characteristics; Types of Evaporator; Performance of tubular evaporator: Capacity, Steam economy; Boiling Point Elevation (Dühring Rule); Outside Heat Transfer Coefficients; Enthalpy Balance for a Single Effect Evaporator; Introduction to Multiple Effect Evaporator: Forward feed, Backward feed, Mixed feed, Parallel feed; Design
concept of Multiple Effect Evaporator.
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