General Knowledge

General Knowledge  for W.B.C.S, State ,ESE, CSE, IAS, UPSC, NDA, RRBs, SCRA, MBA, MCA, BCA, BBA competitive exam, entrance tests, CDS, IES, Bank Probationary Officers (P.O./ T.O/ A.O), L.I.C, G.I.C(A.A.O), R.B.I. Grade ‘A’, Grade ‘B’ etc.

Doctrines of Jainism

Doctrines of Jainism :

Triratna i.e. Three Gems of Jainism.

The aim of existence is to attain through the triratna of

1. Samyak Shradha /Viswas (Right faith) : It is the belief in Thirathankaras.

2. Samyak jnan (Right knowledge) : It is the knowledge of the Jain creed.

3. Samyak Karma / Acharana (Right action / conduct) : It is the practice of the 5 vows of Jainism.

Vardhamana Mahavira

Mahavira was born in 540 BC in a village Kundgrama near Vaishali in Bihar. His father’s name was Siddhartha and his mother’s name was Trishalawas. He was married to Yashoda who was the daughter of Samarvira king and produced a daughter Anonja Priyadarshini.

Jalninism & 24 Tirthankaras

Jaininism:-

• According to Jain tradition there were 24 Tirthankaras.

• ‘Tirthankaras’ literally means ‘ford makers across the stream of existence’ .

• The first Tirthankara was Rishabhadeva/Adinatha.

• The last Tirthankara was Mahavira.

• The Vishnu Purana and the Bhagavat Purana describe Rishabha as an incarnation of Narayana.

• The name of two Jain Tirthankaras— Rishabha and Arishtanemi are found in the Rig Veda.

Sects of Buddhism & Bodhisattvas

Sects of Buddhism.  (1) Hinayana , (2) Mahayana  (3) Vajrayana .

(1) Hinayana (i.e. the Lesser Vehicle):

(i) Its followers believed in the original teaching of Buddha.

(ii) They sought individual salvation through self-discipline and meditation,

(iii) They did not believe in idol-worship.

(iv) They favoured Pali language,

(v) It is known as ‘Southern Buddhist Religion’, because it prevailed in the South of India, e.g. Sri Lanka, Burma (Myanmar), Syam (Thailand), Java etc.

Buddhist Council & Literature

Buddhist Council.

(1) 1st Buddhist Council:-

• It was called by Ajatashatru (Harayanka Dynasty) in 483 BC at Saptaparni Cave, Rajgriha.

Mahakassapa was the chairman of the 1st Buddhist Council.

Compilation of Sutta Pitaka and Vinaya Pitaka by Ananda and Upali respectively were done in this Council.

(2) 2nd Buddhist Council:-

Gautama Buddha

• Gautama Buddha was born in 563 BC (widely accepted), on the vaisakha pumima day at Lumbinivana in Kapiivastu. He was the founder of Buddhism. His father’s Name was Suddhodhana and mother’s name was Mahamaya. After his mother’s early death, he was brought up by his step mother and aunt Mahaprajapati Gautami. He was married at an early age to Yasodhara from whom he had a son Rahul.