Travel and Tourism: পর্যটনশিল্প বিনিয়োগের দিক থেকে বর্তমান পৃথিবীর তৃতীয় বৃহত্তম শিল্প। অস্ত্র এবং আইটি ব্যবসার পরেই এর স্থান। তবে লোকবল নিয়োগের ক্ষেত্রে পর্যটন শিল্প সবচেয়ে এগিয়ে আছে। তৃতীয় বিশ্বের অনেক দেশের আয়ের মূল উত্স পর্যটন ব্যবসা। পর্যটন মূলত সেবামূলক শিল্প। একটি দেশে পর্যটনশিল্পের শুধু পরিকাঠামো থাকলে সরকারি-বেসরকারি পর্যটন আয়োজক সংস্থাগুলো সহজেই বিকশিত হতে পারে।
The nature of travel and tourism sector is developing both in scope and direction as new activities such as cultural tourism, adventure tourism and eco tourism are capturing the imagination of new age tourists.
A number of courses from certificate and diploma to graduate and post-graduate are being offered by various institutions.
The courses can be classified into following categories:
- Airline Customer Service (Ticketing and Marketing)
- Cargo Marketing (Cargo Sales and Marketing)
- Overall Tourism Management (Comprehensive Tourism Management)
The common courses are:
- Post Graduate Diploma
- PG Diploma in Management (Tourism & Travel)
- PG Diploma course in Tourism Studies
- Bachelor of Tourism Administration
- Bachelor of Tourism Studies
- Bachelor of Tourism Management
- Master of Tourism Administration
- MBA (Tourism and Hospitality Management)
- M.A.(Tourism Management)
- Master of Tourism Management
Graduates in any discipline with 50 per cent marks are eligible for admission. Tourism courses cover the following: historical and cultural background of India, basic management principles, computer fundamentals and principles of accounting, communication skills, hotel management and international tourism and world geography. Other subjects include, Airline ticketing, Tourism marketing, Tour Operation, Management and Event Management.
Special institutes Offering Tourism Courses
The Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management (IITTM)
IITTM, Gwalior - 474 Oil (www.iittm.org), is a Government of India organisation under the Ministry of Tourism. It is a premier institute.
IITTM offers a post graduate diploma in management (tourism and travel) at Gwalior and Bhubaneswar and post graduate diploma in management (tourism and leisure) in New Delhi. These programmes are equivalent to MBA degrees of the universities.
The minimum eligibility for admission is a three-year Bachelor’s degree (10+2+3 pattern) in any discipline with 50 per cent marks (45 percent for candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes categories and differently-abled candidates).
Selection is through the IITTM aptitude test, group discussion and personal interview. Students having valid scores in Indian Institutes of Management Common Admission Test (CAT), XLRI Admission Test (XAT), Management Aptitude Test (MAT) or AIMS Test for Management Admissions (ATMA) are exempted from the aptitude test conducted by the IITTM.
Duration of the programme is two years. The institute has a track record of 100 percent placement.
The School of Management, under the Centre for Tourism Studies of Pondicherry University.
It offers a two-year fulltime MBA (Tourism) course with subjects such as tourism marketing, travel operations, hospitality management, resort and event management apart from the regular management papers.
Graduates in any discipline with a minimum of 50 per cent marks are eligible. Selection will be based on an entrance test, group discussion and personal interview, www.pondiuni.org
Deputy Registrar (Academic II), Pondicherry University, RV Nagar, Puducherry - 605 014.
The National Institute of Tourism and Hospitality Management
It conducts an MBA (Tourism and Hospitality) programme
The Department of Management Studies of the University of Kashmir
It offers an MBA with specialisation in hotel and tourism management.
Dr. D.Y. Patil University, Pune
It offers an MBA with specialisation in tourism and hospitality management. Admission is based on MAT score, group discussion and personal interview.
The Kerala Institute of Tourism and Travel Studies (KITTS)
The Kerala Institute of Tourism and Travel Studies (KITTS), functioning under the Department of Tourism, Government of Kerala, offers a two-year PG Diploma in Business Administration in travel and tourism.
Graduates from any recognised university with at least 50 per cent marks are eligible for admission. Age should not be more than 30 years. Admission to the programme is based on academic merit, MAT score and personal interview,
KITTS, Residency Compound, Thycaud, Thiruvanantha-puram - 695 014 (phone 0471-2329539, 2329468).
University of Kerala, The Department of Futures Studies, Senate House Campus, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 034
Mar Ivanios College, Nalanchira, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 015
MG University, HM Arts and Science College, Randarkara, Moovattupuzha;
Presentation College of Applied Sciences, Manancherikunnu, Ernakulam;
Sethram Bahadur Sing Gujarat College, Kochi;
Catholicate College, Pathanamthitta;
St. Johns College, Prakkanam, Pathanamthitta;
St. Thomas College, Ranni Pathanamthitta;
St. Peter’s College, Kolencherry, Ernakulam;
Al Azhar College of Arts and Science, Perumpallichira (P.O.), Thodupuzha;
Indira Gandhi College of Arts and Science, Nellilakuzhi, (P.O.), Kothamangalam;
P.G. Radhakrishnan Memorial SN College, Kumarakom, Kottayam; and
Mar Baselius College, Adimali, Idukky offer MTA programmes.
Pazhassiraja College, Pulpally - 673 579
Courses offered by the International Air Transport Association (IATA)
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is offering courses in India to serve the aviation and travel related training needs in the South Asia region.
“There is a huge demand from India for our training programmes. Between 2006 and 2008, India was among the top three countries in terms of the participants. By offering training courses in India, we will be better able to serve the aviation and travel related training needs in India, as well as Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Indian participants will also find it easier to get access to our globally recognized training programmes,” –said Amitabh Khosla, IATA’s Country Director for India.
Twelve courses have been scheduled in 2009, with the inaugural course - Professional Skills for Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR) Instructors - commencing on 23 February. Other courses planned for 2009 include air cargo management, airline emergency planning and response management, and security management systems.
The IATA Training and Development Institute (ITDI) currently offers a continuously expanding portfolio of over 400 courses and a wide range of diplomas in the fields of Airlines, Airports, Civil Aviation, Air Navigation Services, Cargo, Safety and Security, as well as Management and Training Skills for every level from entry level to senior managers. ITDI delivers training at more than 200 locations worldwide to over 31,000 students annually from around the world
Getting a certification from IATA-UFTAA (International Air Transport Association and Universal Federation of Travel Agents Association), Geneva, is an excellent qualification to get jobs in the industry. This home study programme which requires about 200 hours of study is open to anyone after Class XII. Details are available at www.iata.org/atdi/travel_tourism
IATA India - Delhi
IATA India, 207-208 Kailash Building, 26 Kasturba Gandhi Marg, New Delhi -110 001, Phone : +91 11 415 21070, Fax : +91 11 415 24675
IATA India - Mumbai - India Head Office
IATA India - Main Office Mumbai 101, HDO Corporate Enclave, “B” Wing B.D. Sawant Marg, Chakala, Andheri (E), Mumbai - 400 099, Phone : +91 22 292 10121, Fax : +91 22 282 06958
Degree and post-graduate degree and diploma holders can find jobs as marketing executives or in managerial positions in the tourism and travel industry. Majority of the vacancies are in the private sector. If you have a streak of entrepreneurship in you, after gaining some experience, you can start your venture.