Commercial Pilot : খরচ সাপেক্ষ, কিন্তু Commercial Pilot ট্রেনিং উচ্চ আয় সম্পন্ন glamorous career গড়তে সাহায্য করে ।
There is a good and sustainable demand for experienced pilots in the flourishing Indian civil aviation industry. Even in the global industry there is a demand for pilots. Two things have to be kept in mind before decidingon choosing pilot as a career option. One, pilot training can be quite expensive - it could cost a few lakh rupees. Two, whetheryou have the physical and mental stamina to be alert on job for long hours.
As many of you are aware, flying an aircraft involves sophisticated and complex equipment and systems. A commercial pilot has to work on an elaborate dashboard full of all kinds of meters and controls. You might have seen this in movies. A pilot has several tasks to complete - from preparing the flight plan to analysing meteorological reports; from ensuring the air worthiness of the aircraft to manoeuvering navigational and communications systems.
Pilot training programmes meet the above requirements.
To become a commercial pilot in India, one must clear three steps:
- Student Pilot License (SPL)
- Private Pilot License (PPL)
- Commercial Pilot Licence.
Student Pilot Licence (SPL)
10+2 with science and aged at least 16 years.
Eligible candidate should register at a flying club recognized by Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA), Government of India. Registration requires a medical certificate, security clearance and a bank guarantee.
Candidates taking the SPL test have to appear in an oral examination on a fixed day every month. Candidates go through a medical test at Air Force Central Medical Establishment (AFCME), Subroto Park, New Delhi and Institute of Aviation Medicine(IAM), Vimanpura, Bangalore, which are the final authorities for medical fitness. After clearing the medical test, the candidate is required to pass the Pilot Aptitude Test.
Pilot Aptitude Test
The Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Uran Akademi (IGRAU) is the premier flying institute in India. The Akademi offers opportunity to ascertain ones aptitude for flying through the Pilot Aptitude Test. The assessment report is issued immediately after the test.
Private Pilot License (PPL)
Plus Two (at least 50% marks in physics and mathematics) and a medical fitness certificate from AFCME OR 1AM. The age requirement is 17 years.
An entrance test for a Private Pilot License course is taken on subjects like English, General Knowledge, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. Applications for this test have to be sent to the Director General of Civil Aviation, Safdarjang Airport, New Delhi 110003 in the month of April.
After gettingthe SPL, the candidate, accompanied by the flying instructor, proceeds for initial flying training. This is a dual flight, where the instructor or trainer accompanies the learner to teach him the practical aspect of flying. Then the candidate gets his first independent flight normally after about 15 hours of dual flying . This includes cross country flying. A total of 60 hours of flying is needed of which 20 hours minimum should be solo and 5 hours cross country.
Besides flying training, the candidate has to clear a theory examination. The subjects are: Air regulations, aviation meteorology, air navigation, aircraft engines, seamanship.
Commercial Pilots License (CPL)
A student can get the CPL by doing his flying training for 190 hours to complete 250 hours of flying.
Plus Two (at least 50% marks in Physics and Mathematics), PPL, and medical fitness certificate from AFCME OR 1AM. The age requirement is 18 Years.
To obtain a Commercial Pilots License (CPL) 250 hours of flying (including 60 hours for the PPL) is necessary. Besides that a candidate must undergo a Medical Fitness Test at New Delhi and a written examination which consists of air regulations, aviation meteorology, air navigation, technical, planning, and communications in the form of radio & wireless transmission.
Trained pilots can seek employment in government owned or private airlines as commercial pilots, test pilots, flying instructors, flight engineers, etc.
Other Related Career Options
The aviation industry offers the following career options:
- Glider Pilot's Licences
- Private Helicopter Pilot's Licence(PHPL)
- Commercial Helicopter Pilot Licence (CHPL)
- Flight Attendants
- Flight Radio Telephone Operators Licence
The first three relate to flying aircraft, while the fourth one relates to an in-flight job and the fifth is a support job.
Glider Pilots Licences
The GPL entitles a person to pilot any glider aircraft. Age: 16 years.
Admission: Pass an oral examination in air regulations, air navigation, aviation meteorology, aircraft and instruments.
Flight Experience: Completed 10 hours of flight time including 3 hours of solo flying and have the experience of 75 take offs and landings in a glider in the 7-month period prior to the date of application for license. He also has to pass a flying test. The license is valid for 24/12 months depending on the age of the applicant.
Private Helicopter Pilot's Licence (PHPL)
The PHPL entitles the holder to fly helicopters but not for remuneration.
Age: 17 years
Written examination: In air regulation, air navigation, aviation meteorology and aircraft and engines.
Experience: Minimum 40 hours of flight time including at least 15 hours solo flying and five hours of cross country during the 12 months prior to date of application. He also has to successfully complete a flying test. License is valid for either 24 or 12 months depending on the age of the applicant.
Flight Attendants, also known as the cabin crew, assist the passengers during the journey. They ensure the safety and comfort of the passengers. A pleasant demeanour, confidence, patience, resourcefulness, congeniality and tact are requisite traits in the flight attendant.
Age: between 19-22 years
Educational qualification: Graduation in any discipline
Language Fluency: English, Hindi, knowledge of foreign and regional languages.
Vital Statistics: Height: 5' 2" or 5' 4" and above for women; 5'7" or 5' 10" and above for men;
Marital Status: Unmarried.
Preferred Qualification: include degree in Hotel Management and Diploma/Degree in Catering and knowledge of first aid administration.
Selection Process: The selection process varies between airlines. But generally interviews, group discussions, English proficiency tests etc. are the norm.
Training: Most airlines train their newly inducted staff in procedures to be followed under normal conditions as well as in emergencies. Trainees are also instructed on personal grooming and etiquette.
চাকরির বাজার :
The service life of a flight attendant is short compared to other careers. Most airlines prefer recruiting fresh young hands periodically. Hence there is lot of scope for employment in this sector. But of course this is a highly competitive sector and it is important for those in service to maintain high levels of motivation, enthusiasm and physical fitness.
Commercial Helicopter Pilot Licence (CHPL)
The CHPL allows the holder to act as Pilot or co-pilot of any licensed helicopter. To qualify for CHPL, an applicant must be 18 years of age and possess a medical fitness certificate. He should pass a written examination in air regulation, air navigation, aviation meteorology, aircraft and engines and signals (practical). He should have completed 100 hours of flight time as pilot of a helicopter including specified hours of solo flying, cross country flying, instrument flying and night flying.
Flight Radio Telephone Operators Licence
This is a professional course of international standards. In India, the qualifying license is granted by the WPC Wing, Department of Telecommunications, and Ministry of Communications.
Age: Not less than 18 years on the date of application;
Educational Qualification: Passed 10+2 with Physics and Mathematics or its equivalent examination from a recognised Board/University,
Medical Fitness: Applicant shall produce on a prescribed proforma a certificate of physical fitness from either an approved medical practitioner or an approved medical Board after undergoing a medical.
Technical Qualifications: Applicant shall produce a valid Radio Telephone Operator's (Restricted or General) Certificate endorsed for Aeromobile Service issued or recognised by the Central Government under the Indian Wireless Telegraphy Rules, 1954;
Other Requirements: Applicant may be required to pass, at the discretion of the Director-General, a test to establish his knowledge of the current aeromobile radiotelephone operating practices and procedures, standards and recommended practices pertaining to air traffic control communication as promulgated by the Director- General from time to time;
Experience: Applicant should have completed not less than two months of satisfactory experience as a Flight Radio Telephone Operator. He also should have at least ten hours during the proceedings twelve months in an aircraft equipped with radio.
Can seek employment as an "Aeronautical Radio Communication Officer" in civil avaiation companies/ organizations.