Vedic Culture

Economy of the Rig Vedic Period

☼ Economy during the Rig Vedic Period:

• The Aryans crossed the nomadic stage.

• Yet great importance was attached to herds of cattle.

• Various animals were domesticated.

• The vedic people were probably not familiar with cat and camel. Tiger was not known, but the wild animals like lion, elephant and boar were known to them.

• In all probability, very little of trade was there.

Money and markets were known but they were not extensively used.

Society of the Rig Vedic Period

Society during the Rig Vedic Period:

• The Rigvedic society comprised of four varnas:— (i) Brahmana,  (ii) Kshatriya,   (iii) Vaishya   (iv) Shudra.

• The classification of society was based on the professions or occupations of the individuals.

•(i) Brahmana:  The Teachers and the priests were called ‘Brahamanas’.

Polity during the Rig Vedic Period

☼ Polity during the Rig Vedic Period:

• The Kula i.e. the family was the basis of both social and political organisations. Unit of Kula (the family) is headed by Kulapa.

• The Grama was above the Kula. A group of Kula (families) formed a Grama (the village). Unit of Grama (the village) is headed by Gramani.

• The Vis was above the grama. A group of grama formed a Vis. Unit of Vis (the clan) is headed by Vispati.

Original Home of the Aryan

☼ Original Home of the Aryan

• The location of the original home of the Aryans still remains a controversial point.

• Some historians believe that the Aryans were native to the soil of India and some other historians believe that the Aryans were migrated from outside .

• MaxMuller opined that the Aryans were migrated from Central Asia