☼ Polity during the Rig Vedic Period:
• The Kula i.e. the family was the basis of both social and political organisations. Unit of Kula (the family) is headed by Kulapa.
• The Grama was above the Kula. A group of Kula (families) formed a Grama (the village). Unit of Grama (the village) is headed by Gramani.
• The Vis was above the grama. A group of grama formed a Vis. Unit of Vis (the clan) is headed by Vispati.