Indus Civilization

Location of The Indus Civilization

☼ Location of The Indus Civilization

• The Indus Civilization was mainly spread over Sindh, Baluchistan, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Western U.P and Northern Maharashtra.

• Historians generally believe that Harappa-Ghaggar-Mohenjodaro axis represents the heart land of the Indus Civilization.

• The Northern-most site of Indus Civilization —Ropar (Sutlej) / Punjab (Earlier); Manda (Chenab) / Jammu-Kashmir (Now).

Economic Life of The Civilization

☼ Economic Life of The Civilisation

• Indus civilisation was agriculture-based economy.

• Main Crops of The Indus Civilization were— Wheat and Barely; Evidence of cultivation of rice in Lothal and Rangpur (Gujarat) only. Other Crops : Dates, mustard, sesamum, cotton etc. Indus people were the first to produce cotton in the world.

Animals— Sheep, goat, humped and humpless bull, buffalo, boar, dog, cat, pig, fowl, deer, tortoise, elephant, camel, rhinoceros, tiger etc.

Archaeological Finds

Archaeological Finds of The Indus Valley Civilization.

◘ Harappa— 6 Granaries in row, Working floors, Workmens’quarters, Virgin-Goddess (seal), Cemetery (R-37, H), Stone symbols of Lingam (male sex organ) and Yoni (female sex organ), Painted pottery, Clay figures of Mother Goddess, Wheat and Barley in wooden mortar, Copper scale. Crucible for bronze, Copper-made mirror, Vanity box, Dice.

Harappan / Indus Civilization

Harappan / Indus Civilization (2500BC - 1750BC) . Jhon Marshall was the first scholar to use the term ‘Indus Civilization’ .The Indus Civilization was mainly spread over Sindh, Baluchistan, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Western U.P. and Nothern Maharashtra. Capital Cities— Harappa, Mohenjodaro. Port Cities— Lothal, Sutkagendor, Balakot, Allahdino, Kuntasi