The Dadasaheb Phalke Award is India’s highest award in cinema given annually by the Government of India for lifetime contribution to Indian cinema. Named after Dadasaheb Phalke, the pioneer of Indian film industry, the award is bestowed to honor distinguished contribution to the growth and promotion of the film medium. The government introduced the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in the annual National Awards in 1969, the birth centenary year of Phalke, to commemorate his invaluable contribution to Indian cinema.
‘Bharat Ratna’, the highest civilian award of the country, was instituted in the year 1954. Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex is eligible for these awards. It is awarded for exceptional service towards advancement of Art, Literature and Science, and in recognition of public service of the highest order.
Cricket is one of the most popular games in the country. There are several winners of Arjuna Award in this sport. Some of the winners are Saleem Durani (1961), Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi (1964), Vijay Manjrekar (1965), Chandu Borde (1966), Ajit Wadekar (1967)
This game has only one representative in the Arjuna Awards winners list. The sole Carrom player who won the award is A. Maria Irudayam, in the year of 1996.
Though the game of Billiards and Snooker has a proud history and has produced some internationally successful players, it has four representatives in the winners list of the Arjuna Award.
This sport is quite popular in India at present and has produced some world-class golfers in recent times. Amongst them, three golfers became successful to win the Arjuna Award. They are Chiranjeev Milkha Singh in 1999; Shiv Kapur in 2002 and Jyotinder Singh Randhawa in 2004.