Syllabus for WBCS Optional Paper - Psychology

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PSYCHOLOGY : Paper – I  :

Basic psychological processes and development

Scope and Methods of Psychology - Biological basis of behaviour

2. Cognitive Processes:

A) Sensation: attributes of sensation, psychophysics (weber-Fechner Law), Methods of Pscychophysics

B) Attention: determinants of attention, fluctuation of attention, selectivity of attention

C) Perception: Movement, space, depth and time perception, perceptual organization, Gestalt View

3. Learning.: Conditions of Learning

- Theory of classical conditioning

- Theory of operant conditioning

- Trial and error theory

- Theory of insight learning

- Programmed learning

4. Memory: Encoding, storage, retrieval

- Types of Memory (STM & LTM, ICONIC, Echoic & Procedural)

- Forgetting curve

- Theories of forgetting

5. Motivation and Emotion: Physiological and psychological basis of motivation and emotion 

-Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation - factors influencing intrinsic motivation

- Theories of motivation - Maslow, Mcclelland 

-Theories of Emotion - James-Lange Theory, Canon-Bard and Schachter-Singer Theory

- Effects of Motivation and emotion on behaviour

6. Intelligence

- Spearman's two factor theory

- Thurstone' s theory 

- Guilford's structure of intellect

- Gardner's theory

- Measurement of intelligence - IQ & deviation IQ, Tests of intelligence - Stanford Binet

- Types of intelligence - Social, abstract, concrete, emotional, artificial, spiritual

- Gifted and mentally challenged children

7. Thinking

- Piaget's theory of cognitive development ~ Problem solving

- Creative thinking - Nature and stages

8. Attitude, Values and Interest

- Definition of attitude, values and interests

- Value - concept, development and measurement

- Attitude - formation, measurement and change concept

- Stereotype, prejudice, discrimination

- Measurement, reduction of prejudice

9. Interest - concept and measurement

10. Development of behaviour : From birth to adolescence

- Physical development

- Emotional development

- Moral development

- Social development

♣♣♣

 

PSYCHOLOGY : Paper – II :

1. Personality

- Theories of personality - Freud, Erikson, Eysenck and Rogers

2. Individual Difference: Nature - Nurture controversy

- Nature - nurture controversy

-  Character and construction of standardized psychological tests, types of tests

3. Mental health & adjustment - concept of mental health & wellbeing

- Stress & health - nature, types, causes and consequence of stress

- Adjustment - criteria of adjustment

- Management of stress

4. Psychological Disorders

- Causes of abnormal behaviour

- Anxiety disorders -

- Mood disorders

- Schizophrenia

- Substance abuse disorders

5 . Psychotherapy

- Psychoanalysis

- Cognitive Behaviour therapy

- Client centered therapy

6. Organizational psychology

- Personal selection, job analysis methods

- Job Satisfaction

- Theories of motivation, Herzberg, Alderfer

- Conflict in organization - sources, types

- Organizational culture and climate

- Occupational health hazards

7. Group

- Types of group

- Group versus team - Influence of primary and secondary group on society

- Structure and functions of group

- Leadership - Characteristics of a good leader with special reference to trans actual and transformational leadership

8. Social problems

- Problems of social integration caste, class and religion

- Delinquency and crime

- Psychosocial problems related to old age

9. Application of Psychology to different fields

a) Rehabilitation - concept, primary, secondary and tertiary prevention

b) Education - Psychology, principles underlying effective teaching-learning

c) Motivating and training people for entrepreneurship and economic development

10. Psychology and Methodology

- Normal probability curve

- Parametric and non-parametric statistics - characteristics

- Hypothesis formation

- Research variables and their control

- Techniques of sampling

***

 

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