MCQ on Modern Indian History for WBCS/SSC/Misc Competetive Exams

MCQ on Modern Indian History for WBCS/SSC/Misc Competetive Exams

1. When Vasco-da-Gama reached in a port of Kerla in 1498 AD his party was given friendly treatment by the King of :

    (a) Cochin        (b) Calicut        (c) Trivancur        (d) None of these

2. As the Chief of the Portuguese administration Alfonso de Albuqarque gave military support to the King of :

    (a) Goa        (b) Bijapur        (c) Cochin        (d) Calicut

3. In 1510 Portuguese power captured Goa from kingdom of :

    (a) Chochin         (b) Calicut        (c) Bijapur        d) None of these

4. Trading activities of the English East India started at first in :

    (a) Bombay        (b) Kolkata         (c) Ahmadabad        (d) Surat

5. English envoy Mr. William Hawkings brought a letter for emperor Jahangir in 1609 from the British Monarch named :

    (a) Queen Elizabeth I        (b) King James I        (c) King Edward V       (d) None of these

6. Sir Thomas Roe, who came to the court of Jahangir as an envoy of British King James I in 1615 stayed in India for :

    (a) 1 year        (b) 2 years        (c) 3 years       (d) 4 years

7. By which power Bombay (now Mumbai) was made a colony at the earliest ?

    (a) English       (b) Portuguese        (c) Dutch        (d) French

8. The British power got possession of Bombay through :

    (a) War        (b) Sale deed        (c) marriage dowry       (d) None of these

9. The East India company got the right to trade in Bengal in payment of Rs. 3000 per year from :

    (a) Emperor Jahangir       (b) Emperor Aurangzeb      (c) Bengal Subedar Shuja       (d) None of these

10. British envoy John Surman secured various trading facilities for East India Company in India from Mughal emperor named :

      (a) Aurangzeb       (b) Farrukhsiyar       (c) Bahadur Shah        (d) None of these

11. Which European power sold their colonies of India to the English power in 1845 AD :

      (a) Dutch       (b) Danish      (c) Armanian       (d) None of these

12. English power had high conflicts with the French power in :

      (a) Eastern India       (b) Western India        (c) Northern India        (d) Southern India

13. La Bourdonnais was the Governor of French colony of :

      (a) Pondicherry        (b) Sri Lanka        (c) Mauritius       (d) None of these

14. French power of India led by whom agreed to maintain peace and not to interfere in activities of English power in India ?

      (a) Duplex        (b) Godehu         (c) Bussy         (d) None of these

15. In the Battle of Wandiwash in 1760 AD the French power of India faced complete defeat under English General named :

      (a) Eyre Coote         (b) Robert Clive        (c) Lally        (d) None of these

16. Dutch power in Bengal had their principal trading centre at :

      (a) Srerampore        (b) Chinsura        (c) Kasimbazar       (d) Dhaka

17. In which relation Siraj-ud-Doula was related to Nawab Alivardi Khan ?

      (a) son’s son        (b) daughter’s son        (c) brother’s son’s son        (d) None of these

18. When Siraj-ud-Doula emerged as Nawab of Bengal then his rival cousin Shaukat Jang was serving as Governor of an area of :

      (a) North Bengal        (b) Bihar       (c) Orissa        (d) None of these

19. In which year ‘Black Hole Tragedy’ happened in Calcutta ?

      (a) 1755         (b) 1756        (c) 1757        (d) None of these

20. Around how many armymen of European origin were associated with Battle of Plassey held on 23rd June, 1757 AD ?

      (a) 8000        (b) 10,000       (c) 12,000        (d) 15,000

21. Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II who gave ‘Diwani Right’ to the English power in 1765 AD had actual name of :

      (a) Ali Gauhar       (b) Mirza Beg        (c) Salahuddin        (d) None of these

22. Who was the General of the English army to cause defeat of Anti-English forces in the Battle of Buxar ending in 1765 AD ?

      (a) Carnac       (b) Clive        (c) Hector Munro        (d) None of these

23. Who was the head of the English administration of Bengal when the Supreme Court of Calcutta was set up ?

      (a) Robert Clive        (b) Warren Hastings        (c) Lord Cornwallis        (d) None of these

24. In which year Warren Hastings appointed ‘Amini’ Commis­sion to collect useful information regarding revenue matters ?

      (a) 1776        (b) 1777        (c) 1778       (d) None of these

25. Maharaja Nanda Kumar was given death sentence and executed on charges of :

      (a) Murder        (b) treason        (c) forgery       (d) None of these

26. Against whom Maharaja Nanda Kumar brought allegations of bribe taking :

      (a) Robert Clive        (b) Warren Hastings       (c) Lord Cornwallis       (d) None of these

27. Which one of the following institutions was established at the earliest by the East India Company ?

      (a) Hindu School        (b) Calcutta Madrasa        (c) Sanskrit College       (d) None of these

28. Who established District courts for Judicial reforms ?

      (a) Lord Cornwallis        (b) Warren Hastings       (c) Lord Wellesley        (d) None of these

29. Which region was brought under the Subsidiary Alliance system at the earliest ?

      (a) Oudh        (b) Hyderabad          (c) Mysore          (d) None of these

30. Which area was brought under Doctrine of Lapse at earliest ?

      (a) Jaipur         (b) Nagpur        (c) Satara        (d) None of these

31. Who was Chief of English administration of India when Treaty of Amritsar was signed with Ranjit Singh in 1809 AD ?

      (a) Lord Wellesley        (b) Lord Minto        (c) Lord Hastings        (d) None of these

32. Who provided equality, at the earliest for all irrespective of race, descent, colour, place of birth in holding services under the the East India company ?

      (a) Lord Cornwallis        (b) Lord Amherst        (c) Lord Bentinck       (d) None of these

33. Who annexed Punjab under the East India Company rule ?

      (a) Lord Hardinge        (b) Lord Dalhousie       (c) Lord Canning       (d) None of these

34. Telegraph & modern postal system was introduced in India by :

      (a) Lord Dalhousie       (b) Lord Canning       (c) Lord Elgin       (d) None of these

35. Who was murdered while serving as Governor General of India ?

      (a) Lord Lawrence       (b) Lord Mayo        (c) Lord Northbrook       (d) None of these

36. Who was the Governor General of India when Vernacular Press Act was introduced in India in 1878 AD ?

      (a) Lord Lytton         (b) Lord Ripon        (c) Lord Duffrin       (d) None of these

37. Ilbert Bill proposed to be introduced in 1883 during the reign of Lord Ripon advocated ?

      (a) Higher power for European Magistrates

      (b) Equal power for European and Indian Magistrates

      (c) Abolish the appointment of Indian Judges in High Courts

      (d) None of these.

38. Who was the Governor General of India when the Indian National Congress was formed in 1885 AD ?

      (a) Lord Ripon       (b) Lord Dufferin       (c) Lord Landsdowne       (d) None of these

39. Which one was not done during the reign of Lord Curzon ?

      (a) Lyall Commission was set up to enquire into the causes of famines

      (b) Sir Andrew Frazer Commission was set up to enquire Police administration

      (c) Universities Commission was set up to improve workings of Universities

      (d) Sir Colin Scott Commission was set up to take steps to improve irrigation

40. Partition of Bengal was revoked in 1911 AD during reign of :

      (a) Lord Curzon       (b) Lord Hardinge       (c) Lord Chelmsford       (d) None of these

41. Shuja-ud-Daula was the Nawab of :

      (a) Ahmednagar       (b) Hyderabad       (c) Ayodhya       (d) None of these

42. Chait Singh who had conflicts with Warren Hastings, was the ruler of :

      (a) Benaras       (b) Gwalior       (c) Patna       (d) None of these

43. Hafiz Rahman Khan was a leader of the :

      (a) Pathans        (b) Rohillas       (c) Moplas      (d) None of these

44. Mughal ruler Shah Alam II had to live under Maratha protection led by :

      (a) Mahadji Sindhia        (b) Balaji Baji Rao        (e) Madhav Rao       (d) None of these

45. ‘Misl’ used to mean small kingdom was associated with the :

      (a) Afghans         (b) Sikhs        (c) Marathas       (d) None of these

46. Rohillas were originally people of :

      (a) Persian origin       (b) Arabian origin        (c) Afghan origin        (d) Mongolian origin

47. In the treaty of Salbai signed in 1782 AD the representative of Peshwa was :

      (a) Raghunath Rao       (b) Mahadji Sindhia        (c) Nana Fadnavis       (d) Sakharam Bapu

48. The place ‘Salbai’ remained not far away from :

      (a) Pune       (b) Mumbai       (c) Gwalior      (d) Nasik

49. Who served as a ‘Nail’ in the army of King Nagaraj ?

      (a) Nana Fadnavis        (b) Haider Ali        (c) Muhammad Ali       (d) None of these

50. During which Anglo-Mysore war Tipu Sultan faced death while fighting ?

      (a) Third        (b) Fourth        (c) Fifth       (d) None of these

51. The Treaty of Bassein was concluded between English power and Maratha power led by :

      (a) Daulat Rao Scindia       (b) Mahadji Scindia       (c) Baji Rao        (d) Yaswant Rao Holkar

52. British ruler Lord Moira is also known as :

      (a) Lord Hastings        (b) Lord Barlow       (c) Lord Minto        (d) None of these

53. Pindaries were Muslims soldiers serving under the :

      (a) Nizam Shahi        (b) Maratha power        (c) Mughal power       (d) English power

54. Indian King who used to employ soldiers of many European nationalities was :

      (a) Tipu Sultan        (b) Ranjit Singh        (c) Shivaji       (d) None of these

55. In which year Hindu Widows’ Remarriage act was passed :

      (a) 1829        (b) 1839        (c) 1842       (d) 1956

56. Sir Charles Wood sent a report to the British rulers of India on issues of :

      (a) Tax collection        (b) Railway expansion       (c) Education system       (d) Judicial system

57. The great famine in Bengal occurred in :

      (a) 1770        (b) 1772       (c) 1774       (d) 1776

58. Which region had ‘Bhonsle State’ under Maratha power ?

      (a) Satara         (b) Pune        (c) Nagpur        (d) None of these

59. Lord Cornwallis was appointed as the Chief of the English administration of India for second time in 1805 after reign of :

      (a) Lord Minto      (b) Lord Wellesley        (c) Lord Hastings        (d) None of these

60. Who was the Viceroy of British India when the last Mughal ruler was exiled ?

      (a) Lord Dalhousie        (b) Lord Elgin        (c) Lord Canning        (d) None of these

61. In which year British East India Company was formed ?

      (a) 1600 AD        (b) 1602 AD        (c) 1664 AD        (d) None of these

62. Joseph Dupleix was appointed as the administrator of :

      (a) Goa        (b) Pondicherry        (c) Surat       (d) Madras

63. Which power was not associated with 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Carnatic Wars ?

      (a) English       (b) French        (c) Dutch        (d) None of these

64. In which century Fort William was established by the English power ?

      (a) 16th        (b) 17th        (c) 18th        (d) None of these

65. Who among the following was not against Siraj-ud-Doullah ?

      (a) Saukat Jung        (b) Ghoseti Begum        (c) Mirzafar       (d) Mohanlal

66. In which year Siraj-Ud-Doullah captured Fort William ?

      (a) 1755       (b) 1756        (c) 1757     (d) None of these

67. In which year Fort William was recaptured by Lord Clive ?

      (a) January, 1755       (b) January, 1756        (c) January, 1757       (d) None of these

68. For how many times Mirzafar emerged as Nawab of Bengal ?

      (a) Once        (b) Twice        (c) Thrice    (d) None of these.

69. Which one of the following battles happened at the earliest ?

      (a) Battle of Wandiwash     (b) 3rd Battle of Panipath       (c) Battle of Buxar      (d) Battle of Plassey

70. when Battle of Wandiwash was happened ?

      (a) 1757       (b) 1760        (c) 1761       (d) 1764

71. when Battle of 3rd Panipath was happened ?

      (a) 1757       (b) 1760        (c) 1761       (d) 1764

72. when Battle of Buxer was happened ?

      (a) 1757       (b) 1760        (c) 1761       (d) 1764

73. when Battle of Plassey was happened ?

      (a) 1757       (b) 1760        (c) 1761       (d) 1764

74. Who served as the first Governor of Bengal under Company rule ?

      (a) Warren Hestings       (b) Robert Clive       (c) Vansitart       (d) None of these

75. Who worked as the First Governor General of British India ?

      (a) Lord Armharst        (b) Lord william Bentick       (c) Lord Cornwallis       (d) None of these

76. Who was appointed as the first Governor-General cum Viceroy of British India through Declaration of Queen Victoria, 1858 ?

      (a) Lord Elgin        (b) Lord Dalhousie       (c) Lord Canning        (d) None of these

77. Which one of the following has not been correctly matched ?

      (a) Permanent Settlement : Lord Cornwallis

      (b) Subsidiary System of Alliance : Lord Wellesley

      (c) Doctrine of Lapse : Lord Dalhousie

      (d) First Partition of Bengal : Lord Irwin

78. Who was the ruler of British India when first Railway Line between Thane and Bombay was opened in 1853 in India ?

      (a) Lord Bentinck        (b) Lord Dalhousie        (c) Lord Canning        (d) None of these 

79. Who abolished Sati System in 1829 in India ?

      (a) Lord Bentinck        (b) Lord Dalhousie        (c) Lord Canning        (d) None of these

80. The Capital of Sikh empire built by Ranjit Singh was at :

      (a) Chandigarh        (b) Amritsar      (c) Lahore       (d) None of these

81. The capital of the Kingdom of Tipu Sultan was at :

      (a) Hyderabad        (b) Bangalore        (c) Madras       (d) Srirangapatnam

82. Which Native States was acquired by the British rulers led by Lord Dalhousie through applying the Doctrine of Lapse, at the earliest ?

      (a) Satara       (b) Bhagatpur        (c) Udaypur       (d) Nagpur

83. In which year First Railway Line of Bengal between Howrah and Hooghly was opened ?

      (a) 1852        (b) 1854        (c) 1856      (d) None of these

84. In which country the British power of India did not conduct invasion ?

      (a) Myanmar      (b) Tibet       (c) Afghanistan        (d) Iran

85. In Which year British Government started direct administra­tion of the Indian areas ?

      (a) 1773       (b) 1833       (c) 1858        (d) None of these

86. In which year the Capital of British India was transferred from Calcutta to Delhi ?

      (a) 1858         (b) 1905       (c) 1912       (d) None of these

87. Who was not associated with the Treaty of Bassein of 1802 ?

      (a) Lord Wallesley        (b) 2nd Baji Rao        (c) Ranjit Singh        (d) None of these

88. In which year Asiatic society was established in Calcutta by Sir William Jones to carry on research on literature and History of India ?

      (a) 1784 AD         (b) (a) 1785 AD          (c) (a) 1786 AD          (d) (a) 1787 AD

89. Who set up the Fort William College to educate British employees on various sides of Indian Language and culture etc. in Calcutta in 1800 AD ?

      (a) Lord Cornwallis         (b) Lord Wallesly         (c) Lord Dalhousie        (d) None of these

90. In which year Calcutta University was established to expand education in British India ?

      (a) 1835       (b) 1857       (c) 1880       (d) None of these

91. William Carrey, European Christian priest had his major activities around :

      (a) Calcutta         (b) Howrah         (c) Srerampore        (d) Chinsurah

92. Who, among the following, recommended to introduce En­glish language in the education system of India ?

      (a) William Hunter        (b) Lord Maculay        (c) David Hare        (d) None of these

93 . In which year Regulating Act was passed  by British Parliament ?

       (a) 1757       (b) 1765        (c) 1773       (d) 1778

94. Who introduced Permanent settlement in Bengal ?

      (a) Lord Hastings        (b) Lord Cornwallis       (c) Lord armherst      (d) Lord Clive

95. In which year Pitt’s India Act was passed in British Parliament ?

      (a) 1773       (b) 1780       (c) 1784        (d) 1789

96. In which year Hindu College of Calcutta was set up ?

      (a) 1805        (b) 1817       (c) 1828       (d) 1833

97. In which year British Queen Victoria was declared as the Empress of India ?

      (a) 1858       (b) 1861       (c) 1877       (d) 1885

98. In which year Vernacular Press Act was passed ?

      (a) 1868       (b) 1878       (c) 1885       (d) 1895

99. In which year Indian National Congress was formed ?

      (a) 1885       (b) 1905       (c) 1911       (d) 1913

100. In which year Rawlatt Act was passed ?

        (a) 1918       (b) 1919        (c) 1921       (d) 1925