Engineering Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics

Code: ME201

Credits: 4

**Module 1 :****Basic Concepts of Thermodynamics**

Introduction: Microscopic and Macroscopic viewpoints

Definition of Thermodynamic systems: closed, open and isolated systems

Concept of Thermodynamics state; state postulate

Definition of properties: intensive, extensive & specific properties.

Thermodynamic equilibrium

Thermodynamic processes; quasi-static, reversible & irreversible processes; Thermodynamic cycles.

Zeroth law of thermodynamics. Concept of empirical temperature.

**Heat and Work**

Definition & units of thermodynamic work.

Examples of different forms of thermodynamic works; example of electricity flow as work.

Work done during expansion of a compressible simple system

Definition of Heat; unit of Heat

Similarities & Dissimilarities between Heat & Work

**Ideal Equation of State, processes; Real Gas**

Definition of Ideal Gas; Ideal Gas Equations of State.

Thermodynamic Processes for Ideal Gas; P-V plots; work done, heat transferred for isothermal, isobaric,

isochoric, isentropic & polytropic processes.

Equations of State of Real Gases: Van der Waal’s equation; Virial equation of state.

Properties of Pure Substances

p-v & P-T diagrams of pure substance like H2O

Introduction to steam table with respect to steam generation process; definition of saturation, wet & superheated

status.

Definition of dryness fraction of steam, degree of superheat of steam.

**Module 2 : ****1st Law of Thermodynamics**

Definition of Stored Energy & Internal Energy

1st Law of Thermodynamics for cyclic processes

Non Flow Energy Equation

Flow Energy & Definition of Enthalpy

Conditions for Steady State Steady flow: Steady State Steady Flow Energy Equation

**Module 3 : ****2nd Law of Thermodynamics**

Definition of Sink, Source Reservoir of Heat.

Heat Engine, heat Pump & Refrigerator; Thermal efficiency of Heat Engines & co-efficient of performance of Refrigerators

Kelvin – Planck & Clausius statements of 2nd Law of Thermodynamics

Absolute or Thermodynamic scale of temperature

Clausius Integral

Entropy

Entropy change calculation for ideal gas processes.

Carnot Cycle & Carnot efficiency

PMM-2; definition & its impossibility

**Module 4: ****Air standard Cycles for IC engines**

Otto cycle; plot on P-V, T-S planes; Thermal efficiency

Diesel cycle; plot on P-V, T-S planes; Thermal efficiency**Rankine cycle of steam**

h-s chart of steam (Mollier’s Chart)

Simple Rankine cycle plot on P-V, T-S, h-s planes

Rankine cycle efficiency with & without pump work

(Problems are to solved for each module)

**Module 5:****Properties & Classification of Fluids**

Ideal & Real fluids

Newton’s law of viscosity; Newtonian and Non-Newtonian fluids

Compressible and Incompressible fluids**Fluid Statics**

Pressure at a point**Measurement of Fluid Pressure**

Manometers : simple & differential

U-tube

Inclined tube**Fluid Kinematics**

Stream line

laminar & turbulent flow

external & internal flow

Continuity equation**Dynamics of ideal fluids**

Bernoulli’s equation

Total head; Velocity head; Pressure head

Application of Bernoulli’s equation**Measurement of Flow rate : Basic principles**

Venturimeter

Pilot tube

Orifice meter

(Problems are to be solved for each module)

**Engineering Thermodynamics**

**Text :**

1 Engineering Thermodynamics - P K Nag, 4th edn, TMH.

**References :**

1 “Fundamentals of Thermodynamics” 6e by Sonntag & Van Wylin published by Wiley India.

2 Engineering Thermodynamics – Russel & Adeliyi (Indian edition), OUP

3 Engineering Thermodynamics – Onkar Singhh, New Age International Publishers Ltd.

4 Basic Engineering Thermodynamics – R Joel, 5th Ed., Pearson

**Fluid MechanicsText :**

1 Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines - R K Bansal

**References :**

1 Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machines - S.K.Som and G.Biswas. 2nd edn, TMH

2 Fluid Mechanics by A.K.Jain.